How to protect skin from freckles and melasma as well as how to successfully get rid of them have been among the most frequently asked questions sent to Thea Aesthetic Clinic recently.
In this article, Thea’s doctors are happy to provide you with information about types of freckles and melasma as well as treatment options for the most common types.
Freckles and melasma are the dark spots or patches on the skin caused by regular skin exposure to sunlight, hormonal changes, or skin damage. Freckles and melasma usually appear in the face, cheeks, forehead, and above the upper lip.
To get rid of freckles and melasma, you need to consistently practice the three factors of protection, care, and treatment in combination. Since the functioning mechanism of freckles and melasma is dependent on one’s melanin production, they can easily be managed with early treatment. As the skin ages, the body produces more melanin, resulting in more dark spots on the skin. This makes finding the treatment for freckles and melasma more difficult.
It is important to visit your dermatologist for a proper skin analysis before starting treatment. They will give a detailed evaluation of your type, condition and detect the exact cause of freckles and melasma on your face. That way, your dermatologist can recommend you the right skin care plan and see if there are any symptoms of skin cancer as a result of damage caused by UV rays.
The increase of melanin causes 3 common skin conditions, including melasma, freckles (aging spots), and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Different treatment options offer different effects and benefit different skin conditions.
Common treatment methods for freckles and melasma usually include applying whitening creams containing retinol or using lasers. Laser treatment is considered a skin restorative option with long-term effect. Lasers can significantly reduce the appearance of dark spots by using electrical light impulses to directly target darkened or damaged skin areas to blur out the freckles and melasma patches.
At Thea Aesthetic Clinic, there are two treatment techniques for freckles and melasma: Microneedling and Microdermabrasion. These work on whitening the skin, scrubbing away dead cells, and fighting the increase of melanin using vitamins and serums.
Dark spots caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation often occur on the top skin layer after an acne period. Unlike acne scars, this dark-colored skin patch is not depressed yet takes more time to treat than other types of freckles and melasma. It is important for you to manage acne first to prevent it from spreading and getting more severe. Use skin whitening creams containing salicylic acid or glycolic acid after that. Make sure to follow the dose instructions from your dermatologist to make sure your skin stays safe and healthy.
For those who experience normal melasma, the treatment plan can be less “challenging”. This condition refers to skin discoloration caused mainly by sun exposure and hormonal changes. If that is your case, your dermatologist will recommend using skin whitening creams containing ingredients like retinol, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and vitamin C to blur the dark patches and prevent them from returning. One problem of treating this type of melasma is its high likelihood of recurring. That is why you need to discuss with your dermatologist for a thorough treatment plan to work on the damage and minimize your chances of melasma coming back.
No matter which treatment method you choose, it is of great importance to wear sunscreen whenever you go out. Always go for a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more under dry, hot climate even when you stay indoors because the sunlight is one of the biggest causes of skin problems like aging, melasma, freckles, wrinkles, and so on.
If you have any aesthetic or beauty concerns, do not hesitate to contact Thea Aesthetic Clinic. Our team of experienced specialists and doctors are always willing to provide you with useful information as well as the most advanced cosmetic technologies.